4. Use of the Reference Model and Minimal Standards


The Reference Model and Minimal Standards can be used for various purposes. Its main functions are to serve as

1.     a guideline for curriculum design
2.     a standard for evaluating curricula
3.     a tool for assessing qualifications of exchange students
4.     a tool for the accreditation of psychologists
5.     an aid in promotional activities.

These five functions are specified below.

 

4.1. Curriculum design

The Reference Model and Minimal Standards should, first of all, be considered as a guideline to be followed by those who wish to provide a basic training in W&O psychology to psychology students. The model will help curriculum designers and teachers to give current W&O programmes the appropriate content and stimulate curriculum innovation. A wide-scale use of the Reference Model will help to achieve convergence of curricula in terms of structure and contents, which enhances the opportunities for the harmonization of teaching in Europe, and indirectly facilitates future cooperation and exchange, as well as the mobility of professionals across Europe.

 

4.2. Curriculum evaluation

 ENOP will promote the use of the Reference Model and Minimal Standards as a standard for evaluation by installing an evaluation body, consisting of university professors, that will invite various European universities to submit their existing curricula for evaluation. Universities may also submit their curriculum upon their own initiative and ask for an evaluation. Curricula which satisfy all requirements will be recognized as conforming to the Reference Model. When a curriculum does not fully meet the criteria its deficiencies will be noted and recommendations for revision will be given.

This procedure will be applied during a trial period of 3 years, starting in the Spring of 1998. At the end of this period a permanent system for the recognition of W&O psychology shall be set up, if needed after modifying or fine-tuning the Reference Model and optimizing the evaluation procedure.

 

4.3. Assessment of students

The Reference Model and Minimal Standards can be of use for assessing the qualifications of students participating in exchange programmes. During the 3 year trial period mentioned this use of the model will be left to the teachers involved in such programmes, both at the receiving and the sending side. At the end of that period, and after eventual improvements, the model should be put at the disposal of organizations engaged in educational equivalence testing.

 

4.4. Accreditation of psychologists

In the future the Reference Model and Minimal Standards can also be used for the accreditation of psychologists who want to prove their qualifications in W&O-psychology. It should be kept in mind that for such accreditation a basic training in W&O psychology will not be sufficient. Candidates will have to meet additional requirements, such as:

  • having at least a year of supervised practice in W&O-psychology
  • having followed at least 21 units of additional courses, either aiming at specializing or deepening knowledge, skills, and competencies,
  • having participated in a number of specialized conferences and workshops,
  • having studied a series of cases in the W&O domain.

It is considered to be a joint task of the European Federation of Professional Psychologists Associations (EFPPA), the European Association of Work & Organizational Psychology, and ENOP, to develop such an accreditation system. This task can probably best be taken up after the period for the try-out of the Reference Model will have come to an end.

 

4.5. Promotion of W&O psychology

A final use of the Reference Model and Minimal Standards will be to support promotional activities aiming at exhibiting the profile of European W&O psychology and its differences compared to other specialties in psychology as well as other professions.



For further information concerning the Reference Model and Minimal Standards, please contact Prof. Robert A. Roe.
 
For further information concerning the ENOP, please contact Anna Rocha Perazzo.

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